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Research papers

A multi-centre trial of a clinical indicators tool for ensuring quality care in hospital alcohol treatment services

Despite the spiralling costs of alcohol-related harm, very little work has been undertaken to establish uniform parameters of quality care in alcohol detoxification and to understand the relationship between these parameters and treatment outcomes.

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Research papers

Estimating the cost of alcohol-related injuries presenting to St Vincent’s emergency department

Consumption of alcohol is a generally accepted part of Australian culture; however, some drinking is associated with considerable harm to the community. Previous studies have concentrated on those admitted to hospital, this study provides data on the costs of those attending Emergency Departments (ED), who are not admitted to hospital.

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Research papers

Young adults’ experience of responsible service practice in NSW: An update

This 2006 study examines changes in intoxication levels and the experience of responsible service practice initiatives among 18-39 year olds drinking at licensed premises in NSW. The changes were measured since a similar 2002 study by BOCSAR.

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Research papers

Investigating the relationship between the density of liquor outlets and perceived problems of public disorder and violence

A recurring issue for liquor licensing policy makers is the extent to which restrictions should be placed on the availability of alcohol in order to minimise alcohol-related harms in the community. This study aims to provide timely information about the relationship between liquor outlet concentrations and reported problems with drunkenness and property damage in the neighbourhood, and assault victimisation in the home.

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The 3 R’s of workforce development: Recruitment, reward, retention

There is widespread concern that the AOD sector faces significant difficulties in recruiting and retaining qualified staff to keep pace with the increasing demand for treatment services. This project examines the relationship between work practices and other factors that impact on job satisfaction, reward, burnout, recruitment, retention, and turnover of frontline AOD workers.

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Improving alcohol history taking by junior medical officers

This project aims to determine the effectiveness of Individual Feedback and Group Feedback in improving JMOs recording, assessment and management of risky alcohol use and tobacco smoking. It uses a crossover trial conducted at two hospitals over two years.

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Personality, coping, motives for substance use, and mood examined in a sample of substance using young adults

The neurological research on substance use has included the examination of the brain systems, which may act as mediators for reinforcing the effects of drugs; the measurement of brain-related activity in substance users while performing behavioural tasks; and the long term effects of substance use on the brain among chronic users. This project investigates a significant number of already established risk factors, including personality, impulsivity, coping resources, motives for use, and affect, within a single clinical sample.

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Research papers

Substance use and mental health problems in young Australians

In conjunction with the Centre for Adolescent Health, the National Drug Research Institute and the Social Development Research Group (Seattle, USA), the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute undertook a critical analysis of four existing data sets focused on adolescent and young adult alcohol use and abuse: the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study; the Gatehouse Project; the Victorian Adolescent Health and Well-being Survey; and the International Youth Development Study.

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Efficacy of support services and treatment options for police and emergency services

This study complements the limited body of knowledge available in Australia on the impact of alcohol and licit-substance abuse in police and emergency services as well as available treatment and support services. The study researched and documented models of treatment and rehabilitation services for police and other emergency services personnel with an identified alcohol or licit drug problem. The project reviewed the provision of support services for this group, looking particularly at critical incident debriefing, and the issue of self-medication.

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Research papers

Stability and change in women’s alcohol consumption: Factors related to alcohol consumption in women from the women’s health Australia study

This project aims to determine change in consumption over time, and to identify the factors that affect levels and changes of consumption over time, and differences between age groups, using secondary analysis of data taken from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health; a population-based survey that has been examining the health and well-being of more than 40,000 Australian women since 1996.