Make a tax-deductible donation today

Influence of alcohol consumption on breastfeeding initiation and duration in Australia



  1. Professor Colin Binns
  2. Dr Roslyn Giglia


Reports in the literature show that health professionals rarely give mothers advice on alcohol consumption and lactation. In one US study nearly half of mothers surveyed were advised to drink alcohol while only one sixth were advised to abstain. However, alcohol is generally reported to have a number of adverse effects on lactation and infant behaviour.

Many cultures believe that alcohol promotes breast milk production and aids in settling infants. But a literature review found no published studies of alcohol consumption and lactation in Australia; and only a limited number of overseas studies.

The objectives of this study are to determine the levels of alcohol consumption of breastfeeding mothers; and to compare levels of consumption, and attitudes towards consumption, of mothers who are feeding infants using formula. As alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are often associated, the smoking patterns of mothers were also analysed.


This study highlights the need for consistent health education information to be provided by health professionals to women during lactation. The study’s recommendations were considered in formulating the latest NHMRC guidelines on alcohol consumption.

Subsequently, Dr Giglia in conjunction with the Australian Breastfeeding Association published a pamphlet Alcohol and Breastfeeding: a guide for mothers.

Recent research papers

FARE continues to fund and undertake research that contributes to the knowledge-base about alcohol harms and strategies to reduce them.

This research is used to inform our approach to evidence-based alcohol policy development, ensuring that the solutions we are advocating for are informed by research. FARE’s research is also often quoted by governments, other not-for-profit organisations and researchers in public discussions about alcohol, demonstrating that FARE is seen as a leading source of information.

Join our community

Will you join the community taking action on alcohol?

Join our community

Fill out the form below to receive regular updates & resources.

Join our community

Get updates & resources straight to your inbox